At the forthcoming Medieval Congress in Leeds (2-5 July 2018) the team of the ‘Presbyters in the Late Antique West’ Project, based at the University of Warsaw, together with Lisa Bailey of the University of Auckland, organizes a strand on the everyday life of clergy. We would like to have a glimpse of what was happening inside the houses of the clerics, especially in the period when they were still running large family households.
This session will seek to answer the following questions:
- What was the legal status of the wives and children of clerics, both from the ecclesiastical and civil point of view?
- What was the position of the servants and slaves in the households of clerics?
- How did the relations with their familiars and neighbours influence the opinions and preaching of the clerics?
- What do archaeology and epigraphy tell us about the living conditions of the clergy in the first millennium?
Those interested in presenting papers on such and similar topics are requested to send the title and a short abstract (ca 100 words) to Stanisław Adamiak (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Lisa Bailey (email@example.com) by 20 September 2017. Please note that unfortunately the project is unable to fund speakers’ expenses.
This year’s International Medieval Congress in Leeds came to an end. The Presbyters Project hosted two sessions that drew a considerable audience. In the first session, David Hunter presented a paper on the clerical profits in the writings of Ambrosiaster which was followed by David Natal’s paper on the Church and private property in Ambrose of Milan. This discussion on the fourth-century Italy was counterpointed by a paper by Marta Szada on the economic status of the local clergy in the seventh-century Spain.
David Natal presenting his paper. In the audience (from left) David Hunter, Robert Wiśniewski and Bertrand Lançon.
In the second session, Isabelle Mossong gave a survey of epigraphical evidence from Italy that could serve to define more precisely the economic role of presbyters, Claire Sotinel presented the material provided by the papal correspondence, and eventually, the P.I. of the Presbyters Project, Robert Wiśniewski delivered a paper on the payments received by clerics for ritual expertise. To our delight, in both sessions, the papers were followed by vivid discussions, especially that the papers probably offered more questions than answers. Hopefully, soon our database will help scholars in all over the world to answer those (and many others) questions about the presbyters in Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages.
This year again the project “Presbyters in the Late Antique West” will be present at the International Medieval Congress in Leeds. We are organizing two sessions on 5 July about income and property of clerics in Late Antiquity.
The schedule of the sessions:
Income and Property of Clerics in Late Antiquity I, 5 July 2017, 09.00-10.30, Social Sciences Building, Room 10.05
- Ambrosiaster and the Problem of Clerical Profit
- David Hunter, Department of Modern and Classical Languages, Literatures and Cultures, University of Kentucky
- Church and Private Property in Ambrose of Milan (d. 397)
- David Natal Villazala, Departamento de Prehistoria, Historia Antigua y Arqueología, Universidad de Salamanca
- The Workman Is Worthy of His Meat?: Economic Status of the Local Clergy in 7th-Century Spain
- Marta Szada, Instytut Historyczny, Uniwersytet Warszawski
Income and Property of Clerics in Late Antiquity II, 5 July 2017, 11.15–12.45, Social Sciences Building, Room 10.05
- Income and Property of Late Antique Clergy: Epigraphical Realities
- Isabelle Mossong, Kommission für Alte Geschichte und Epigraphik, Deutsches Archäologisches InsKtut, München
- Financial Issues Concerning Presbyters in Papal Correspondence
- Claire Sotinel, Centre de recherche en histoire européenne comparée (CRHEC), Université Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne
- Not a Grand Scandal, but Little Embarrassment: Paying Clerics for Ritual Expertise in Late Antiquity
- Robert Wiśniewski, Instytut Historyczny, Uniwersytet Warszawski
Here the schedule in PDF: Income_Plaw
Today the XLV Incontro di Studiosi dell’Antichità Cristiana started at the Institute Augustinianum in Rome. This year main topic is: “The Child in the Christian Sources (I-V Century)”. The member of our team, Stanisław Adamiak, is going to talk about the children of the clerics in the canons of the councils of the fourth and fifth century.
For the full program see HERE.
On the forthcoming International Medieval Congress in Leeds our project organises two sessions about the income and property of clerics in Late Antiquity.
Late antique clerics had diverse sources of income. Some of them were rich when they got ordained, but others had to earn their life. These sessions will seek to answer the following questions: How much did the clerics rely on church property and revenues? What were other sources of their income, either those linked with their religious expertise or unconnected with ecclesiastical activity? How were the frontiers fixed between not only private property and revenues of clerics and those of the church, but also between the resources of diverse groups of clergy?
The schedule is as follows:
Wednesday, 5 July, 9.00-10.30
Income and Property of Clerics in Late Antiquity, I (session 1031)
chair: Ralph W. Mathisen, Department of History, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
- David Hunter, Department of Modern & Classical Languages, Literatures & Cultures, University of Kentucky, Ambrosiaster and the Problem of Clerical Profit
- David Natal Villazala, Departamento de Prehistoria, Historia Antigua y Arqueología, Universidad de Salamanca, Church and Private Property in Ambrose of Milan (d. 397)
- Marta Szada, Instytut Historyczny, Uniwersytet Warszawski, The Workman Is Worthy of His Meat?: Economic Status of the Local Clergy in 7th-Century Spain
Wednesday, 5 July, 11.15-12.45
chair: Ralph Mathisen, Department of History, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
- Isabelle Mossong, Kommission für Alte Geschichte und Epigraphik, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, München, Income and Property of Late Antique Clergy: Epigraphical Realities
- Claire Sotinel, Centre de recherche en histoire européenne comparée (CRHEC), Université Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne, Financial Issues Concerning Presbyters in Papal Correspondence
- Robert Wiśniewski, Instytut Historyczny, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Not a Grand Scandal, but Little Embarrassment: Paying Clerics for Ritual Expertise in Late Antiquity
See also at the IMC website: session 1, session 2
The Presbyters’ Project organized two sessions “Social Networks of Clergy in Late Antiquity” on the International Medieval Congress in Leeds.
Tuesday 5 July 2016
09:00-11:30, Leeds Univeristy Union: Room 2 – Elland Road
1. Rivalry between Presbyters and Deacons in the Roman Church: The Witness of Ambrosiaster, De iactantia Romanorum levitarum (Q. 101)
David Hunter (University of Kentucky, US)
2. Competition within Clergy in Late Antique Epigraphic Evidence
Isabelle Mossong (Kommission für Alte Geschichte und Epigraphik, München, Germany)
3. ‘Tam grande scandalum’: Concilium Arelatense in Causa Fausti, and the Dispute over the Right to Ordain Clerics – The Insight into the Relationships between Monastic and Non-Monastic Clergymen?
Jerzy Szafranowski (University of Warsaw, Poland)
Tuesday 5 July 2016
11:15-12:45, Leeds Univeristy Union: Room 2 – Elland Road
1. Friends and Enemies: The Female Relationships of Late Antique Clerics in Exile
Julia Hillner (University of Sheffield, UK)
2. Eating with Heretics: Nicene Clergy toward Homoian Communities in the Successor Kingdoms
Marta Szada (University of Warsaw, Poland)
3. Managing Expectations in a Western Ascetic Network: Augustine, Paulinus of Nola, Sulpicius Severus
Michael Williams (Maynooth University, Republic of Ireland)
4. Open Courtesy and Hidden Rivalry in Salutatory Formulas of Clerics’ Letters in Late Antiquity
Stanisław Adamiak (University of Warsaw, Poland)
We held a workshop of the Presbyters in the Late Antique West project at the Institute of History (room 101) on Friday (20 May, 3 p.m.-6.30 p.m.) and Saturday (21 May, 9.30-1 p.m.). We presented our guest the beta version of the database, collected feedback, and discussed on research problems concerning late antique clergy, and more generally on the application of the methods and tools provided by digital humanities in the late antique scholarship.
The list of invited guests included Philippe Blaudeau (Angers), Juliette Day (Helsinki/Oxford) Julia Hillner (Sheffield), Isabelle Mossong (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut), Przemysław Nehring (Toruń), Claire Sotinel (Paris 12 – Val de la Marne), Jakub Urbanik (Warsaw), Ewa Wipszycka (Warsaw).
An excellent account (with images!) of the meeting can be found on the blog The Migration of Faith Clerical Exile in Late Antiquity (325 – 600), run by Julia Hillner.
The schedule of the workshop:
3 p.m. – 3.30 p.m. Presentation of the project.
3.30 p.m. – 4.15 p.m. What has already been done? The main research and two
‘collateral’ projects (Marta Szada and Jerzy Szafranowski).
4.15 p.m. – 4.30 p.m. Coffee break
4.30 p.m. – 6.30 p.m. Types of evidence and research problems: Short interventions
followed by discussion (each slot 15 minutes, including 8-10 minutes discussion)
Isabelle Mossong: epigraphy
Jakub Urbanik: law
Juliette Day: liturgy
Przemysław Nehring: property/poverty
Julia Hillner: mobility, interactions
Philippe Blaudeau: ecclesiastical politics
Claire Sotinel: church hierarchy, presbyters and bishops
Ewa Wipszycka: Egyptian perspective
7 p.m. Dinner at the Bibenda Restaurant, ul. Nowogrodzka 10
9.30 a.m. – 11 a.m. The database: Presentation, testing, feedback.
11 a.m. – 11.20 a.m. Coffee break
11.20 a.m. – 12.45 p.m. Discussion about the future research:
Questions we should ask (but possibly did not).
How our database can be used in other ways?
Is digital prosopography of Late Antiquity possible?
1 p.m. Lunch
Get the PDF